by Adanlawo Opeyemi
4 minutes read

Traditional methods of passive lecturing are being challenged in today’s education landscape by an emerging appreciation of the effectiveness of active learning. From large lecture halls to intimate seminars, educators increasingly emphasize engaging students actively with content – not passively listening – through active engagement. Studies have consistently shown how active learning not only improves understanding but also contributes to increased retention rates for STEM undergraduate programs.

Active Learning Can Empower Success

Active learning is more than a buzzword; it is an effective educational strategy supported by research. Students experience greater benefits when actively involved in their education via discussions, practical applications, analysis and problem-solving rather than passively receiving information from an instructor. The benefits of active learning have been particularly evident within STEM disciplines, where its implementation has resulted in higher retention rates.

Even with its proven benefits, educators often experience resistance to change, fearing opposition from students. Overcoming this resistance requires changing one’s perspective and acknowledging active learning’s transformative potential.

Implement Integration Into Course Design


To fully take advantage of active learning’s potential benefits, its elements should be seamlessly woven into all aspects of course design. A variety of approaches may be employed – think-pair-share discussions during lectures (think-pair-share), problem-based research projects and critical analysis activities in small group settings during seminars may all keep students actively engaged with the learning process. These approaches serve as catalysts to engage them further.

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Understanding Active Learning Strategies

Why Does Active Learning Matter and How Does it Differ in Terms of Student Academic Performance? Many studies have established a positive correlation between active learning approaches and higher student performance. Active learning increases participation and equips learners with essential tools for organizing, tracking and measuring their learning progress.

Active learning has long been recognized for its advantages; however, its practice remains uncommonly rare within higher education environments – both traditional and online – with passive lecturing and textbook reading remaining the dominant modes of information transfer.

Tips for Implementing Active Learning Strategies

  • Facilitating Independent, Analytical and Creative Thinking: Case-based experiments: Foster problem-solving by applying scientific theories to real-world issues through case-based exercises. Debates: Present opposing viewpoints and assign students to defend or critique each perspective to foster critical thinking and promote constructive cooperation among them.
  • Small-group discussions: Break up lectures with small think-pair-share discussions to enhance understanding and communication skills. Peer coaching activities: Use peer-to-peer dialogue to reinforce comprehension for effective teaching and learning practices.
  • Increase Engagement, Encouragement, and Student Success
  • Brainstorm Learning Goals: Engage students in planning classroom events by inviting them to select discussion topics or submit applications of concepts.
  • Choices in Learning: Let students decide what and how they learn, strengthening their sense of ownership.

Active learning improves academic performance and instils students with a greater sense of responsibility and ownership over their learning journey. Engaging them in decision-making enhances their perception of course relevance to them personally and increases ownership of their education experience.

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Educators: An Essential Part of Active Learning

Educators play an instrumental role in creating active learning environments. By employing strategies to promote autonomy, collaboration and student engagement in their teaching methods, instructors can establish an atmosphere suitable for active learning. However, this shift requires abandoning traditional approaches in favour of innovative ones and prioritizing student involvement.


Promoting active learning among students represents a fundamental paradigm shift in education. Moving away from the traditional model of information transfer and towards dynamic, participatory approaches which empower students as active contributors in their learning process is the future of education; educators who adopt active learning strategies pave the way for more engaging, effective, and student-centric educational experiences that enable student involvement rather than passive consumption of knowledge.

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